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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the trouble of looking at either of those bills' serial numbers would see that they were exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them had to be fictitious.
That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners believe the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can technically be small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions consume.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to a numeric problem. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that is not true in any way. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the target hash.
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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there . To mine , you need to article source have a high"hash rate," that is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare offers a very helpful calculator.
Either a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal rod.
Example: I tell three friends that I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a look at this site sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the specific number, they simply must be the very first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.
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Let us say I'm thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they've both theoretically arrived at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will find out here determine by a simple majority--51 percent --which miner to honour. Normally, it is the miner that has done the most work, i.e.
The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .
Now imagine that I present the"guess what number I'm thinking of" question, however I am not asking just 3 friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of prospective miners and I'm thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be quite hard to guess the ideal answer.
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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let us unpack the term"hexadecimal."
As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.